Haemorrhoids

(Commonly known as piles)

Haemorrhoids are swollen blood vessels found in or around the bottom (in the rectum or anus) that can cause discomfort and bleeding. They often do not cause any symptoms, and are thought to be caused by straining when having a poo.

You might have haemorrhoids if you notice:

Pain, itching, or discomfort around your bottom
Swelling or lumps around your bottom
Blood on toilet paper after wiping
  • Straining when having a poo, due to constipation or diarrhoea
  • Pregnancy, which can put pressure on the pelvic veins and increase the risk of haemorrhoids
  • Obesity or being overweight, which can also contribute to increased pressure in the lower rectum
  • Sitting for prolonged periods, especially on the toilet, which can further exacerbate haemorrhoids
  • Pain, itching, or discomfort around the anus, especially having a poo
  • Swelling or lumps around the bottom that may be sensitive or painful to the touch
  • Blood on toilet paper after wiping or in the toilet bowl after a bowel movement
  • Mucus discharge or leakage from the bottom
  • Gently clean your bottom with warm water and pat it dry with a soft towel
  • Apply over-the-counter creams, ointments, or suppositories containing witch hazel or hydrocortisone to reduce swelling and alleviate discomfort
  • Take warm baths (sitz baths) several times a day to soothe the affected area and promote healing
  • Avoid straining during bowel movements and consider using stool softeners or fibre supplements to prevent constipation
  • Engage in regular physical activity to improve circulation and reduce pressure on the rectal veins

Some articles you may find helpful:

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