Cystitis (in women)

Cystitis is a common urinary tract infection (UTI) that primarily affects women. It’s caused by bacteria entering the urethra and multiplying in the bladder. It’s important to get treatment early, as leaving a UTI untreated can lead to further complications.

You might have cystitis if you have:

Pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvic area
Frequent or urgent need to wee
Burning sensation or pain when you wee
  • Bacteria entering the urethra and spreading to the bladder
  • Sexual activity, which can introduce bacteria into the urinary tract
  • Use of certain contraceptives such as diaphragms or spermicides
  • Structural abnormalities in the urinary tract or hormonal changes in women
  • Pain or discomfort in the lower abdomen or pelvic area
  • Frequent and urgent need to wee, often passing small amounts of wee
  • Burning sensation or pain when having a wee
  • Cloudy or strong-smelling wee
  • Stay hydrated by drinking plenty of water to help flush out bacteria
  • Avoid having sex until the infection has cleared up
  • Practise good hygiene, wiping from front to back after using the toilet to prevent bacterial spread
  • Use over-the-counter painkillers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen to reduce pain
  • Apply a heat pad or hot water bottle to the lower abdomen to relieve pain and discomfort
  • Drink unsweetened cranberry juice or supplements

Some articles you may find helpful:

A woman holds her tummy in discomfort caused by IBS

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