Eczema

(Also known as dermatitis)

Eczema is a common skin condition that causes inflammation, itching, and redness. It can vary in severity, with symptoms ranging from mild irritation to intense discomfort. While eczema often occurs in childhood, it can affect people of any age.

You might have eczema if you have:

Red, inflamed patches of skin that may be itchy or scaly
Intense itching or discomfort, especially during flare-ups
Dry, cracked skin that may weep or bleed in severe cases
  • Genetic predisposition or family history of eczema, asthma, or hay fever
  • Environmental factors such as allergens, irritants, or changes in temperature and humidity
  • Abnormalities in the skin barrier function, leading to increased susceptibility to irritation and inflammation
  • Red, inflamed patches of skin that may be itchy or scaly
  • Intense itching or discomfort, especially during flare-ups
  • Dry, cracked skin that may weep or bleed in severe cases
  • Appearance of small, fluid-filled blisters or papules in acute eczema
  • Keep skin well moisturised with emollients or moisturisers to prevent dryness and itching
  • Avoid triggers such as certain foods, fabrics, or skincare products that make your eczema worse
  • Use mild, fragrance-free cleansers and avoid hot water when bathing or showering
  • Apply topical corticosteroids or other prescribed medications as directed during flare-ups

Some articles you may find helpful:

A close up of a man's hands affected by eczema, he is picking at the affected skin.

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