Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease

Hand, foot, and mouth disease is a viral illness that primarily affects infants and children, causing symptoms such as fever, sores in the mouth, and a rash on the hands and feet. It is typically caused by viruses belonging to the enterovirus genus, particularly coxsackievirus.

You might have hand, foot, and mouth disease if you have:

Sores or blisters on the hands, feet, or mouth
Fever or general discomfort
Irritability or loss of appetite
  • Enteroviruses such as coxsackievirus A16 or enterovirus 71
  • Close personal contact with an infected person, or contact with contaminated surfaces or objects
  • Poor hygiene practices, especially hand washing
  • Fever, often accompanied by sore throat and feeling unwell
  • Painful sores or ulcers in the mouth, throat, or tongue
  • Rash or blisters on the hands, feet, or bum
  • Ensure the infected person gets plenty of rest
  • Encourage fluids to prevent dehydration
  • Use over-the-counter medications for pain relief and fever reduction as directed
  • Practise good hygiene, including frequent hand washing and disinfecting commonly touched surfaces
A young boy affected by hand, foot and mouth disease holds up his hand to the camera which shows the typical blisters caused by the illness.

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