Migraines are intense headaches that can cause throbbing pain, with an increased sensitivity to light and sound.

You might have a migraine if you have:

Intense, throbbing headaches often on one side of the head
Sensitivity to light, sound, or smells during an attack
Headache lasting from 4 to 72 hours
  • Genetic predisposition or family history
  • Hormonal changes in women, such as during menstruation or menopause
  • Certain foods and beverages like aged cheeses, alcohol, or caffeine
  • Environmental factors like bright lights, strong smells, or changes in weather
  • Severe head pain that interferes with daily activities
  • Nausea, vomiting, or dizziness
  • Aura – sensory disturbances or visual changes before the headache
  • Fatigue or irritability after the migraine subsides
  • Keep a migraine diary to identify triggers and patterns
  • Manage stress through relaxation techniques or meditation
  • Ensure regular meals and stay hydrated
  • Use over-the-counter or prescription medications as advised by your doctor or pharmacist
A man pinches his forehead in pain caused by a migraine

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