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What is Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological condition characterised by unpredictable seizures. These seizures, caused by abnormal brain activity, vary in types and can significantly impact daily life, influencing aspects like education, work, and relationships. 

These seizures come in various types: generalised (affecting the whole brain), focal (specific regions), and non-epileptic (resembling seizures but without abnormal brain activity).

Symptoms of Epilepsy

Epilepsy shows up differently for each person, depending on which part of the brain is involved. Here are possible symptoms:

  • Uncontrollable Jerking and Shaking (Fit): This is when the body moves without control, like having a “fit.”
  • Loss of Awareness (Absence Seizures): Sometimes, a person might seem to stare into space for a short time, losing consciousness.
  • Muscle Stiffness: Muscles might become stiff for a while, and can ache like you’ve done a lot of exercise.
  • Strange Sensations: Some people may feel things like a “rising” tummy, unusual smells or tastes, or tingling in the arms or legs.
  • Collapsing: In some cases, a person might collapse during a seizure.

Sometimes, a person might faint and not remember what happened. Recognizing these signs helps in understanding and supporting someone with epilepsy.

Causes and Risk Factors

Understanding why epilepsy occurs involves considering a range of factors. Here’s a breakdown of the causes and risk factors:

  • Genetics: Certain gene variations increase susceptibility to seizures
  • Brain Injuries: Trauma or infections affecting the brain can trigger epilepsy
  • Developmental Disorders: Conditions influencing the brain’s structure contribute to the risk
  • Infections and Diseases: Illnesses impacting the brain may elevate the likelihood of seizures
  • Environmental Factors: Exposure to toxins or specific substances can heighten the risk of developing epilepsy

For more information on how to live with epilepsy, please visit the official NHS website.

Order Your Prescription with Healthera

If you’ve been prescribed an anti-epilepsy medication, you can order your prescription online from your local pharmacy with Healthera.

It only takes a few minutes to set up your prescription for collection or home delivery, right to your door. 

To get started, simply click the button below: